Myofascial Cupping/Massage Cupping

If you watched the most recent Olympics, you could not help but notice the circular bruises on many of the athletes.  These marks were not weird injuries, but, from a healing technique called Cupping.  So what is Cupping?  CuppiFemale patient at the alternative practitionerng is a natural healing technique that has been around in various forms for thousands of years.  It was used in ancient Egypt, Greece, Africa and China.  There is even evidence of Hippocrates, using this early form of”medicine”. More recently it has been used extensively in Traditional Chinese Medicine as a way to improve the flow of Qi, or “life force”.

Cupping can be performed many different ways, but the concepts are very similar.  By using a device, such as a glass, plastic, or silicone “cup” to create a suction (or negative pressure) to lift the skin and underlying fascia. This stretches the fascia, and creates increased blood flow and lymphatic circulation in the area under the cup.  This technique is believed to promote healing, decrease scar tissue and decrease pain.  Massage Cupping uses the same technique to lift the fascia, but with the addition of a thin layer of oil, the practitioner can glide the cup along the skin to treat a larger area.

This technique makes a whole lot of sense in the manual therapy and fascial therapy fields.  There are some very important structures in the space under the skin and between the superficial and deep fascial layers.  There are small arteries, veins, lymphatic vessels and many, many, many nerves.  If this area becomes tight or adhered down, all of those structures can be affected.  Cupping can help to restore normal mobility and circulation in this area.

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So what about the dark, bruising marks?  Isn’t this harmful or painful?  Well, that really depends on who you ask.  In many traditions the discoloration of the skin after treatment is a sign of effective treatment as it indicates toxins being released by the tissue.  Although not real pretty, this discoloration is not typically painful, however, may be tender and generally resolves in less than a week.  From a physical therapist’s perspective, this discoloration comes from small capillaries rupturing during the stretching of the tissue.  This cupppingmay occur with treatment, especially when the fascia is tight or adhered but, is not necessary for effective treatment.  Luckily, the newer cupping devices, allow the practitioner to better control the level of suction produced and can help decrease the risk of injury to these small capillaries, while still achieving adequate fascial stretching.  In our office, we typically use a gentler form of myofascial cupping, that does not typically result in extensive discoloration.

 If you are interested in learning more about how Myofascial Cupping may help you.  Please contact me at aline@naturapt.com  or  schedule a wellness session today

Love and Peace,

Natura PT

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The Ultimate Pelvic Anatomy Resource: Articles, Links, and Videos, Oh My!

Excellent resource from an amazing therapist!

Pelvic Guru

Ever wanted a resource with articles, pictures and videos of pelvic anatomy all in the same place? Here it is!  I’ve been putting this together for a while and am very excited to share this with you! This resource will  evolve and update as new, exciting links are found. The content ranges from basic articles to in-depth anatomical reviews. Please leave a comment if you think other links or articles should be included in this resource. As always, thanks for all of the support. If you are a self-proclaimed Pelvic Nerd or just want to learn more about pelvic anatomy, I hope you enjoy! ~ Tracy Sher, MPT, CSCS

pelvic floor

Female Pelvic Anatomy:

Basic Information

 Diane Lee PDF: Understanding Back and Pelvic Girdle Pain – with basic anatomy

Interactive Anatomy: The 3D Vulva

***New Addition (2/17/13) 360 Degree View of the Pelvis – Muscles, Nerves, Arteries and more!

A funny…

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What’s Going on “Down There”?

Every time I evaluate a new patient  (before I do a physical exam) I take the time to review the anatomy in the pelvis.  It doesn’t matter if I am talking to an 11 year old and her mother or a nurse or doctor, the response is always the same “wow, I didn’t know that all that was “down there”.  Even in my undergraduate  physical therapy training, we barely touched on the anatomy and function of what is inside the pelvis.

I usually start from the inside out.  Starting with the bony structure,  the pelvic is made up with the sacrum in the middle and a pelvic bone on each side (actually each pelvic bone is 3 bones that have fuse together-but that is only important to anatomy geeks, like me).

pelvisbones

This ring is held together by ligaments that attach the bones together like tight rubber bands.  Some people have really tight ligaments and some people have really loose and stretchy ligaments.  If they are too loose and stretchy, it may lead to instability, and possibly greater risk of injury to this area.

pelvisligament

Sitting inside this pelvis are very important organs.  From front to back, the organs are the bladder, uterus and the rectum.  Each of these organs are also suspended by ligaments that attach them to the inside of the bony structure of the pelvis.

sideviewpelvicorgans

These ligaments can also be very tight or very loose.  It is also possible that these ligaments can become damaged, during surgery, childbirth or chronic straining (think constipation or frequent coughing)

Luckily, we have some additional support from below these important organs.  The pelvic floor muscles (aka levator ani) support the organs from the bottom of the pelvis.  These muscle create a hammock or sling from the pubic bone in the front to the tail bone in the back.  I think they look  more like a bowl that supports the organs from front to back and from side to side

pelvic-floor

The pelvic floor muscles need to be able to contract, to close off the urethra (bladder opening) and the anus  (rectum or bowel opening).  They also need to be able to relax to allow the bladder or bowel to empty, or to allow for childbirth or intercourse.    The muscles that support the bladder are the same muscles that support the bowel and create the side walls of the vaginal canal.  This is why bladder, bowel and sexual issues are so closely related.

Issues can arise when these muscles either don’t contract properly or don’t relax properly.  Many of the patients that I see that think they have weak muscles, actually have tight muscles that don’t relax properly.

One more layer down from the pelvic floor is the superficial perineal muscles.  These muscles help to keep the rectum closed at rest, and keep the labia (lips around the vaginal and urethra opening) closed, protecting this area from bacteria and irritation.  These muscles can also be affected by childbirth or chronic straining.

Female Genitalia, Dissected View

Sudden hormone changes, such as menopause, birth control, or after child-birth can also affect the flexibility and elasticity of these muscles.  It is quite common to see patients who start having difficulty (pain) with sexual activity at these times due to changes in the muscles.

The last thing we review, which is probably the most familiar (but not familiar enough) to most women, is the external genitalia.  This includes the labia majora, labia minora, clitoris, urethral opening, and vaginal opening (aka introitus).

normalfemalegenitalanatomy

I recommend that all women should become familiar with the appearance of this area.  There is such a wide variety of what is normal,  shape, texture, and color can vary quite a bit.  It is very hard to tell if there has been a change, if you don’t know what it looked like before.  Most of us would notice a new mole on our face or a lump in our breast, but if something feels different “down there”, could you tell if it looked different too?

Understanding your pelvic anatomy is the first step in understanding and treating  any  bowel, bladder or sexual issues that you may be dealing with.

Peace and Love,

NaturaPT

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